Hair loss is a major concern, regardless of gender. It has been noted by ADA that more than eighty million men and women in the world are affected by hair loss, also known as alopecia.
It can affect the hair on your scalp and body. Alopecia is more common in adults; however, excessive hair loss is seen in children as well.
It is considered normal to lose fifty to hundred stands of hair per day, which isn’t as abnormal as it sounds. Since our scalp has 100,000 hair strands, which does not make it noticeable.
In addition to that, new hair replaces the lost hair. Although the chances of that are very minute. It doesn’t always happen. Hair loss develops gradually and can lead to permanent damage as well.
Moreover, counting the amount of hair lost every day is impossible. Nevertheless, if you think you are losing excessive hair and you see bad patches on your scalp, you should consult a doctor. Since such intense hair fall isn’t normal.
Risk Factors and Causes of Hair Loss
It can very challenging to get to the root cause of hair fall because there are tremendous reasons behind it.
The term used medically for hair loss is called alopecia. Most hair loss has no significant link with systemic or internal diseases. A person’s hair can just start becoming thinner due to aging and hereditary factors. A lot of men and women notice mild thinning of their hair during their 30s and 40s.
Hormonal changes, pregnancy and menopause can also cause hair loss. Other than that, illnesses, trauma, diet changes (restricted eating), protein deprivation can lead to hair loss as well.
Health conditions, which include thyroid disease, diabetes, anemia, iron deficiency anemia, and secondary syphilis may be one of the few reasons behind severe hair loss. Although, whenever people suffering from hair loss get their complete blood count and thyroid test done, it appears normal. It is necessary that these are ruled out from the alleged causes.
The first course treatment to hair loss is medications. They mostly comprise of over the counter gels and creams, which can be applied to the scalp directly. The most common ingredient in these topical medications is Minoxidil.
The side effects of Minoxidil are, irritation of the scalp and abnormal hair growth in adjacent areas, such as the forehead.
Prescription medications prescribed are, finasteride, which is taken orally for male pattern baldness. Men have also experienced new hair growth after taking this medication.
Doctors also prescribe corticosteroids, like prednisone. It reduces inflammation and suppresses the immune system. Moreover, they also mimic the hormones made by your adrenal glands.
Medications don’t always work to stop hair loss, leading to the requirement of surgical procedures to treat baldness.
Hair Transplant Surgery
This procedure works well for someone who has hereditary baldness, since they lose hair from the top of their scalp. Since it is a chronic condition, which progresses with time, it requires multiple surgeries.
Hair loss can be stopped and treated with the right approach, especially if it is due to illnesses. However, it isn’t always easy to treat hereditary hair loss.
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